Shyness and Psychological Well-Being as Predictors of Problematic Internet Use Among Students in Pakistan

Sheharyar Ahmad, Lubna Nasreen, Maria Aiman


This research was aimed to study the relationship between the variables of shyness and psychological well-being as the predictors of problematic internet use (PIU). The study was carried out on a sample of 400 students. The sample included 191 men (47.8%) and 209 women (52.2%) from the University of Sargodha. The age range of participants in the sample was 18 to 24 years (M = 21, S.D = 4.24). The three variables of the study including shyness, psychological well-being, and problematic internet use were assessed with the shyness questionnaire, flourishing scale, and internet addiction test scale (IAT), respectively. To determine the psychometric soundness of instruments, descriptive and internal consistency levels of all the study variables were measured. The main statistical analyses included correlation, t-test, and regression analysis. The correlational analysis of overall results revealed the significant positive correlation of shyness and a significant negative correlation of psychological well-being with problematic internet use. The t-test revealed that problematic internet use and psychological well-being were significantly different according to gender. Furthermore, the results of linear regression analysis divulged that shyness positively predicts problematic internet use, while psychological well-being negatively predicts problematic internet use. Also, regression analysis on the gender indicated that being male was a predictor of greater PIU. Implications of the study along with its limitations were discussed and recommendations for further research were highly suggested.

Palabras clave

Shyness; psychological well-being; problematic internet use; gender.

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Copyright (c) 2020 Sheharyar Ahmad, Lubna Nasreen, Maria Aiman

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Este obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento 4.0 Internacional.